Shenandoah Valley witnessed its most significant and
bloody fighting in 1864. The Confederate high com-mand
used the Valley as an avenue of invasion, sending Lt.
Gen. Jubal Early across the Potomac into Maryland and
to the outskirts of Washington, DC. Early’s invasion
forced Gen. Grant to divert forces to the Federal capi-tal.
Although Early was forced to withdraw into the Valley,
he remained aggressive, maintaining operations in the
northern Valley and launching raids north of the Potomac.
to end the “Valley of Humiliation,” Grant assigned Maj.
Gen. Philip Sheridan to command of the Shen-andoah Valley,
giving him three directives for the 1864 Shenandoah
Valley Campaign: defeat Early; destroy the Valley’s
resources; avoid defeat. Sheridan took his Army of the
Shenandoah (approximately 40,000) to battle against
Early’s Army of the Valley (approximately 15,000) at
Third Winchester on September 19. Early was out-flanked
and forced to retreat to Fisher’s Hill. On September
22, Sheridan struck again, routing Early’s army. These
defeats laid the Valley open as Early retreated. Sheridan
then carried out the second of Grant’s directives and
from September 25 to October 8 systematically destroyed
the Valley’s rich agricultural resources. Known as “The
Burning,” this devastation turned large sections of
the Valley into a vast wasteland.
Sheridan was conferring in Washington, Early was reinforced
and ordered a surprise attack at Cedar Creek on October
19. His morning victory was short lived when Sheridan,
riding hard from Winchester, rallied his shattered army
and launched a counterattack in the afternoon, snatching
“victory from the jaws of defeat.”
we will see: National Park Service Visitor Contact Station
at Middletown, including an electric map over-view program
on Cedar Creek; Winchester battlefield, Fisher’s Hill
battlefield and Cedar Creek battlefield. If time allows,
the Winchester National Cemetery and Mt. Hebron Cemetery.
Guide: Eric A. Campbell is a 22 year veteran of the
National Park Service, and he is a friend of the Harris-burg
CWRT. He worked at Gettysburg National Military Park
as a ranger-historian, where he led a great1996 field
trip for us. Previously he worked at Independence NHP
in Philadelphia. He is author of A Grand Terrible Drama:
FromGettysburg to Petersburg, the Civil War Letters
of Charles Wellington Reed, a Medal of Honor win-ning
bugler of the 9th Massachusetts Battery, which was the
subject of his talk to our Round Table in 2001.
$95.00 per person. Includes round-trip motor coach transportation
from either Hummelstown Lower Dauphin High School (6:00
am departure) or Camp Hill Radisson Hotel (6:30 am departure),
driver gratuity, lunch, admission fees and guide. On
the return trip, we will stop for dinner, which is not
included in the price.
To register, complete the form below and mail it to Ricky Hollis,
Hershey CWRT, P.O. Box 369, Palmyra, PA 17078. Your $25 deposit will hold your
seat with the balance due by October 4, 2017. Cancellations received before October
4, 2017 will receive a full refund. Cancellations after October
4 will receive
a refund ONLY if the open seat(s) have been filled by another person. Make
check payable to: Harrisburg CWRT Questions: Ricky Hollis at
717.805.7502 or email: firstname.lastname@example.org or Steve